Solution focused therapy has its begins in family therapy, and in family systems therapy.Solution focused therapy follows its background to the school of Mara Selvini Palazzoli,Salvador Minuchin, Murray Bowen,Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy, Virginia Satir and Jay Haley,Paul Watzlawick,Stefan Geyerhofer
Early forms of systemic therapy were based on cybernetics;study and control of complex systems.In the 70s the understanding of systems theory was essential to the structural and strategic schools of family therapy they later developed into systemic therapy.
The focus of systemic therapy 1980 and later has moved away from a model of linearity and understanding of reality as objective, to an understanding of reality as linguistically constructed and socially constructed.
Systemic therapy approaches problems practically(problem-solving-solution-focused) rather than analytically, it does not attempt to determine past causes as does the psychoanalytic approach, nor does it assign diagnosis, rather systemic therapy researches and tries to identify repetitive patterns of behavior in groups of people such as a family, and address those patterns directly.Systemic therapist's role is to help systems to change themselves by introducing creative ideas and changing behavior patterns through a self-reflective process.
Systemic therapy differs from analytic forms of therapy, including psychoanalytic or psycho dynamic forms of family therapy in systemic therapy's focus on practically addressing current relationship patterns rather than analyzing causes such as subconscious impulses or childhood trauma.Systemic therapy also differs from family systems therapy,it addresses living systems as groups of people in addition to the family, for example companies.
Systemic approach is increasingly being implemented in the fields of education, politics, psychiatry, social work, and family medicine.